character in Bustos Domecq story
industrial suburb of Buenos Aires
Friend of Borges.
Argentine politician and journalist. President of Argentina from 1874 to 1880.
character in Conrad's Nostromo and in Borges story.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A character in Conrad's Nostromo, described as 'a statesman, a poet, a man of culture, and author of The History of Fifty Years of Misrule'. Conrad claims to have derived the history of the fictitious Costaguana from his own character Avellanos, a claim which would not have been lost on Borges. Avellanos's text, as explained by Conrad in the Author's Note, was, of course, never published; the manuscript is seen later in the course of the novel 'flowing in the gutter, blown in the wind, trampled in the mud'. See Estado Occidental, Golfo Plácido, Higuerota, José Korzeniovski, Sulaco." (18-19)
character in Conrad's Nostromo and in Borges story, grandson of Dr. Avellanos
street in Buenos Aires
one of the seven hills of Rome.
Fishburn and Hughes: "The Aventine, one of the seven hills of Rome." (19)
goddess of adventure
tale from Montiel Ballestero’s book Montevideo y su cerro
lake in Italy, an entrance to hell in Roman mythology and literature
Ibn Rushd, Spanish-Arabic philosopher and writer, 1126-1198, author of the Tahafut-ul-falasifa or Incoherence of the Incoherence, a reply to al- Ghazali's The Incoherence of the Philosophers
Fishburn and Hughes: "A celebrated Arab philosopher and physician born in Cordoba, known as 'The Commentator'. Averroes was one of the most important Islamic thinkers, renowned for his commentaries on Aristotle, which became the principal source of Greek thought for medieval Christian and Jewish theology. He also wrote a commentary on Plato's Republic. His most famous book is the Tahafut-ul-Tahafut ('Incoherence of Incoherence'). Averroes held that one universal intelligence exists for all humanity, and that the individual soul, destined to die with the body, is capable of thought only through its temporary union with it. This notion ran counter to the Islamic idea of personal immortality, and Averroes was accused of unorthodoxy. The discussion of Averroes's preoccupation with metaphor may be linked to a famous statement attributed to the philosopher about 'twofold truth', viz. that propositions may be theologically true and philosophically false, or vice versa; what Averroes actually taught, however, was that religious imagery expressed a higher philosophical truth. Averroes was physician to the Emir Yacub Yusuf Almansur, at Marrakesh, where he enjoyed a privileged position. After being attacked and dismissed, he was recalled to Marrakesh, where he died. Much of what is said about him in 'Averroes' Search' stems from Renan's Averroès et l'Averroïsme." (19)
Renan doctoral thesis, published in 1852
Salomon ben Gabirol, Spanish-Jewish philosopher, c.1020-c.1058