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German Reich (Imperio Alemán) (1871-1918)

Fishburn and Hughes: "Also called the Second Reich to indicate its descent from the First (the medieval Holy Roman Empire). The German Reich was initiated by Bismark in 1871. Kaiser Wilhelm II was Emperor during the latter period up to the end of World War I. Following the tradition, Hitler called his regime the Third Reich. The Garden of Forking Paths." (77)