Antonio Vicente Mendes Maciel, Brazilian messianic leader, d. 1897.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A Brazilian religious dissident who in 1896/7 led a rebellion in Canudos in the north of the state of Bahía. The rebels were peasants, or cabôclos, who lived in Canudos in a system of communes, working out their own salvation. They rose against the changes introduced by the new Republican government, which they regarded as the Antichrist. Canudos was surrounded, and the siege ended with the death of all the rebels. Conselheiro's head was cut off and put on public display. The story is told by Euclides da Cunha in his novel Os Sertões (1902 trans. Revolt in the Backlands, 1947)." (14)