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Celtic literature (Letras célticas)

Fishburn and Hughes: Literature written in Gaelic and the ancient languages of Wales, Ireland and Brittany. This literature includes many elements of the culture of the Druids, such as their belief in the transmigration of souls. The two cycles of Irish epics, composed originally in the seventh and eighth centuries and transcribed in the tenth century, are part of the tradition. The epic poems mentioned refer to the cycle of Ulster and the Fenian cycle, the most important documents of Irish mythology, written in a mixture of prose and poetry. The first, relating to the first century BC, contains the famous Táin-bó-Cuailinge describing the war between Ulster and Connaught which was started by the disappearance of the black bull of Cuailinge. Then, at the court of Medh, the Queen of Connaught, the bull defeated the whitehorned bull of Connaught and returned triumphantly to Ulster. In the Fenian cycle, concerning events in Munster and Leinster in the third century, the legend of Finn tells how Finn gained his knowledge from eating the flesh of a salmon. The Theme of the Traitor and the Hero