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Black and Tans

Fishburn and Hughes: A force of special constabulary operating in Ireland towards the end of the Anglo-Irish 'Troubles' (1916-22), recruited from demobilised British soldiers. The name derived from the improvised uniform of khaki military trousers and black police tunics. It was also the name of a well-known pack of hounds in Limerick. The ferocity with which the Black and Tans carried out reprisals against the Irish Republican Army earned them lasting notoriety. They were associated with some of the worst atrocities of the civil war, notably the killings at Croke Park in Derry on 21 November 1920. The Shape of the Sword