al-Ghazali, Persian philosopher, 1058-1111, author of the Tahafut-ul-Tahafut or Incoherence of the Philosophers, The Revivification of the Religious Sciences and other works.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A famous Persian theologian. After a nervous breakdown, Ghazali suffered a spiritual crisis and for a time became a Sufi mystic. He tried to reconcile the tensions between theology and philosophy. His anti-rationalist Tahafut-al-falasifa (Destruction of Philosophy) attacked the Neoplatonism of Avicenna (Ibn Sina), holding that the world was deliberately created by God and not simply an emanation of a First Being. His use of the word Tahafut (destruction) implies something like the collapse of a house of cards. The same concept was used by Averroes in his refutation of Ghazali." (78)