Abd al-Rahman the First, Umayyad ruler in Spain, fl. 750-88, author of a poem on the palm tree.
Fishburn and Hughes: "Abd ar-Rahman I, known as 'the Immigrant', was the first Umayyad Caliph in Spain. Forced to flee from Damascus when the Abbasids overthrew the Umayyad Caliphate, he made his way to Spain, where he deposed the Muslim ruler, proclaimed himself Emir and established an independent Umayyad Emirate. He established his capital in Cordoba, and began the construction of its great Mosque. Abdurrahman is said to have written verses full of nostalgia for his native land. The traditional classical style he adopted persisted in the poetry of Al-Andalus." (1)