son of the king of Fez who besieged Gibraltar from 1331 to 1333 and reconquered it for the Moors. (Mentioned in Bustos Domecq story.)
protagonist of a tale in the Arabian Nights
character in Borges-Bioy filmscript
Abd al-Rahman the First, Umayyad ruler in Spain, fl. 750-88, author of a poem on the palm tree.
Fishburn and Hughes: "Abd ar-Rahman I, known as 'the Immigrant', was the first Umayyad Caliph in Spain. Forced to flee from Damascus when the Abbasids overthrew the Umayyad Caliphate, he made his way to Spain, where he deposed the Muslim ruler, proclaimed himself Emir and established an independent Umayyad Emirate. He established his capital in Cordoba, and began the construction of its great Mosque. Abdurrahman is said to have written verses full of nostalgia for his native land. The traditional classical style he adopted persisted in the poetry of Al-Andalus." (1)
Argentine scholar, 1859-1949, author of works on medicine, law, education and language, including the Idioma nacional de los argentinos, 1900, and a Latin grammar
son of Adam and Eve in the Bible, killed by his brother Cain
French philosopher and theologian, 1079-1142
character in Collins
Ibn Abbas, Moslem traditionalist theologian, cousin of Mohammed
ibn Chozai, Abulcasim Mohammed ben Ahmed ben Chozai Alquelbi, Andaluzian writer, d. 1340
Andanzas en el atardecer, poem by Augusto Stramm, 1914
Fishburn and Hughes: A Jewish scholar, philosopher and poet best known for his penetrating biblical commentaries based on grammatical principles. He is reputed to have been the first biblical scholar to distinguish reason from faith, and is also remembered for some liturgical poems. The Secret Miracle
See Gabirol, Aben
character in Borges story.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A fictitious name, reminiscent of Muhammad Ben Ismail Al-Bukhari (810-870), a compiler of Arabic traditions." (5)
Borges story in El Aleph
Abu Zaid ibn Mahommed ibn Khaldun, Arabic historian, born at Tunis, 1332-1406, author of a universal history
Fishburn and Hughes: A fourteenth-century Arab historian, the descendant of a politically influential Seville family who migrated to Tunis. Ibn Khaldun is regarded as the first Arab historiographer. His bestknown works are The History of Muslim North Africa and Mukaddima (1375-9). The latter deals with 'all branches of Arab science and culture' and is said to be unexcelled in the Arab world for its insight and clarity. The words quoted stem from the Mukkaddima. The Aleph
character in Bustos Domecq story
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Ibn Sidah the Andalusian, Spanish lexicographer, c.1006-1066, author of the Mohkam.
Fishburn and Hughes: "An Arab philologist and man of letters remembered for his Kitab-al-Mukham. There is some similarity between him and Borges: he was blind, and studied with his father, who was also blind." (1)
Grimmelshausen picaresque novel, 1668, first of four novels about Simplicius Simplicissimus