University of Pittsburgh

Artigas, José Gervasio

Uruguayan political leader and general, 1764-1850, died in exile in Paraguay

Fishburn and Hughes: "A Uruguayan hero and military leader who fought against the Spaniards by offering his services to the Junta at Buenos Aires. Recruiting his troops from gauchos and outlaws, Artigas won a notable victory at Las Piedras in 1811. He championed the Federalists, who demanded greater autonomy for the Banda Oriental, against the Unitarians, who supported the centralised power of Buenos Aires. In the civil war against Buenos Aires which followed in 1815, Artigas defeated the porteño forces and drove them off Uruguayan soil. The result was an invasion by Brazil, and Artigas was eventually defeated. Fleeing to Paraguay, where he was briefly imprisoned, he was given a farm and a pensi on by President Francia and died there thirty years later. See Saavedra." (17)

Borges Index: 
Las alarmas del Doctor Américo Castro, Otras inquisiciones, OC, 655. Milonga para los orientales, Para las seis cuerdas, OC, 968. El guardián de los libros, Elogio de la sombra, OC, 999. La señora mayor, El informe de Brodie, OC, 1049. Epílogo, OC, 1144. La jonction, A, 74. El gaucho, CS, 75. El congreso, LA, 43. El gaucho, P, 64. Domingo F. Sarmiento: Recuerdos de provincia, P, 130, 132. OC, 655. Milonga para los orientales, Para las seis cuerdas, OC, 968. El guardián de los libros, Elogio de la sombra, OC, 999. La señora mayor, El informe de Brodie, OC, 1049. Epílogo, OC, 1144. La jonction, A, 74. El gaucho, CS, 75. El congreso, LA, 43. El gaucho, P, 64. Domingo F. Sarmiento: Facundo, P, 138. Tareas y destino de Buenos Aires, PB, 132. Eduardo Gutiérrez, escritor realista, PB, 152. 9 de abril de 1937, Ensayo, Eduardo Gutiérrez, escritor realista, TC, 116. 13 de diciembre de 1940, Ensayo, Definicion del germanófilo, TC, 337. Cosas de negros, TR1, 255. Una pieza del año 52, TR1, 344. Los tres gauchos orientales, TR2, 25. Desagravio al lenguaje de Martín Fierro, TR2, 68. Noroeste e outros poemas do Brasil, TR2, 82. La vuelta de Martín Fierro, TR2, 128. Tareas y destino de Buenos Aires, TR2, 149. Sarmiento, TR3, 69. En el patio de Carriego, TR3, 195. Borges secreto, TR3, 360.