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University of Pittsburgh

1921

Biography

Borges's father Jorge Guillermo Borges publishes his only novel, El caudillo, in Mallarca. Borges active in Ultra√≠smo, a Spanish avant garde movement divided in two groups led by Rafael Cassinos-Ass√©ns and Ram√≥n G√≥mez de la Serna. Borges family returns to Buenos Aires in March 1921, setting up their household on Bulnes Street. Borges active in establishing an Argentine branch of Ultra√≠smo. In November, first issue of Prisma, "revista mural." 

Historical Context

Major strikes led y anarchists in British-owned northeastern lumber camps and in sheep-farming Patagonia. Harsh repression by Yrigoyen’s government that left many dead. Passing of the National Labor Code.

Locations

On March 4th Borges and his relatives leave from Barcelona on the steamship Reina Victoria Eugenia to return to Argentina. Borges moves into the Hotel du Helder, Calle Esmeralda 264 and then to Calle Bulnes 2216, Barrio de Palermo. 

Periodical Publications

  • El arte de Fern√°ndez Pe√Īa. √öltima Hora (Palma de Mallorca) #9233 (5 January 1921), p. 1. [Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 78.]

  • Contra cr√≠tica. Ultra 1.1 (20 January 1921), p. 1. [Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 79-80.]

  • Roman Rolland. Cl√©rambault. Par√≠s 1920Ultra 1.1 (27 January 1921), p. 1. [Review included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 81. "Roman" should of course be "Romain."]

  • Ma√Īana. Ultra 1.1 (27 January 1921), p. 1. [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 81.]

  • Ultra√≠smo. √öltima Hora (Palma de Mallorca) (3 February 1921), p. 1. With Juan Alomar and Jacobo Sureda under the common pseudonym "Dagesmar." [Reply to an attack on ultra√≠smo by "Pin." Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 83.]

  • AldeaUltra 1.2 (10 February 1921). [Poem that begins, "Las esquillas re√ļnen," not to be confused with later poem with same title. Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 84-85.]

  • Manifiesto del UltraBaleares [Palma de Mallorca] 5.131 (15 February 1921). With Jacobo Sureda, Fortunio Bonavona and Juan Alomar. [Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 86-87.]

  • Catedral. Baleares 5.131 (15 February 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 88.]

  • Gesta maximalista. Ultra 1.2 (10 February 1921), p. 4. [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 89.]

  • Prismas (Acordes - Mendicantes - Ciudad - Pueblo.). Ultra 1.4 (1 March 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 90.]

  • Guardia rojaUltra 1.4 (1 March 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 91.]

  • Tranv√≠asUltra 1.6 (30 March 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 92.]

  • NorteUltra 1.7 (10 April 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 92.]

  • CingladuraUltra 1.8 (20 April 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 93.]

  • DistanciaUltra 1.9 (30 April 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 94.]

  • Anatom√≠a de mi "Ultra"Ultra 1.11 (20 May 1921). [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 95.]

  • Atardecer. Ultra 1.14 (20 June 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 96.]

  •  Jard√≠n amorUltra 1.14 (20 May 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 97.]

  • Fiesta.  Ultra 1.14 (20 May 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 98.]

  • Arrabal. Cosm√≥polis 32 (August 1921), p. 622. [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 99; modified versions in Fervor de Buenos Aires and subsequent editions of poetry.]

  •  Cr√≠tica del paisaje. Cosm√≥polis 32 (August 1921), pp. 195-97. [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 100-01.]

  •  Buenos AiresCosm√≥polis 34 (October 1921), pp. 197-99. [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 102-04.]

  •  Horizontes. Die Aktions-Lyrik (1914-1916), Berl√≠nUltra 1.16 (20 October 1921). [Review essay, including translations of poems by J. T. Keller, Wilhelm Klemm, Oscar Kanchl, Walter Ferl and Hermann Plagge, included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 105-07.]

  •  Ultra√≠smo. El Diario Espa√Īol (23 October 1921), p. 4. [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 108-10.]

  •  Casa Elena (Hacia una Est√©tica del Lupanar en Espa√Īa)Ultra 1.17 (30 October 1921). [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 112-13.]

  •  Apuntaciones cr√≠ticas: La met√°foraCosm√≥polis 35 (November 1921), pp. 395-402. [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 114-20.]

  •  Guardia roja. Tableros (15 November 1921), p. 11. [Revised version of poem published in Ultra 1.5 in March 1921. Both are included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 91 and 121.]

  • Proclama. Prisma 1 (November-December 1921) and in Ultra 2.21 (1 January 1922). With Guillermo de Torre, Eduardo Gonz√°lez Lanuza and Guillermo Juan [Borges]. [Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 122-24.]

  • AldeaPrisma 1 (November-December 1921) and in Ultra 2.21 (1 January 1922). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 125.]

  •  Ultra√≠smo. Nosotros 15.39, #151 (December 1921), pp. 466-471. [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 126-31.]

  • La l√≠rica argentina actual. Cosm√≥polis 36 (December 1921), pp. 641-51. [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 132-41.]

  • Catedral. Ultra 1.19 (1 December 1921), p. 3. [Revised version of poem published in Baleares in February 1921. Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 142.]

  • √öltimo rojo solUltra 1.20 (15 December 1921), p. 3. [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 143.]

  •  Monta√ĪaTableros 1.2 (15December 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 144.]