University of Pittsburgh

1921

Biography

Borges's father Jorge Guillermo Borges publishes his only novel, El caudillo, in Mallarca. Borges active in Ultraísmo, a Spanish avant garde movement divided in two groups led by Rafael Cassinos-Asséns and Ramón Gómez de la Serna. Borges family returns to Buenos Aires in March 1921, setting up their household on Bulnes Street. Borges active in establishing an Argentine branch of Ultraísmo. In November, first issue of Prisma, "revista mural." 

Historical Context

Major strikes led y anarchists in British-owned northeastern lumber camps and in sheep-farming Patagonia. Harsh repression by Yrigoyen’s government that left many dead. Passing of the National Labor Code.

Locations

On March 4th Borges and his relatives leave from Barcelona on the steamship Reina Victoria Eugenia to return to Argentina. Borges moves into the Hotel du Helder, Calle Esmeralda 264 and then to Calle Bulnes 2216, Barrio de Palermo. 

Periodical Publications

  • El arte de Fernández Peña. Última Hora (Palma de Mallorca) #9233 (5 January 1921), p. 1. [Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 78.]

  • Contra crítica. Ultra 1.1 (20 January 1921), p. 1. [Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 79-80.]

  • Roman Rolland. Clérambault. París 1920Ultra 1.1 (27 January 1921), p. 1. [Review included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 81. "Roman" should of course be "Romain."]

  • Mañana. Ultra 1.1 (27 January 1921), p. 1. [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 81.]

  • Ultraísmo. Última Hora (Palma de Mallorca) (3 February 1921), p. 1. With Juan Alomar and Jacobo Sureda under the common pseudonym "Dagesmar." [Reply to an attack on ultraísmo by "Pin." Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 83.]

  • AldeaUltra 1.2 (10 February 1921). [Poem that begins, "Las esquillas reúnen," not to be confused with later poem with same title. Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 84-85.]

  • Manifiesto del UltraBaleares [Palma de Mallorca] 5.131 (15 February 1921). With Jacobo Sureda, Fortunio Bonavona and Juan Alomar. [Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 86-87.]

  • Catedral. Baleares 5.131 (15 February 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 88.]

  • Gesta maximalista. Ultra 1.2 (10 February 1921), p. 4. [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 89.]

  • Prismas (Acordes - Mendicantes - Ciudad - Pueblo.). Ultra 1.4 (1 March 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 90.]

  • Guardia rojaUltra 1.4 (1 March 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 91.]

  • TranvíasUltra 1.6 (30 March 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 92.]

  • NorteUltra 1.7 (10 April 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 92.]

  • CingladuraUltra 1.8 (20 April 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 93.]

  • DistanciaUltra 1.9 (30 April 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 94.]

  • Anatomía de mi "Ultra"Ultra 1.11 (20 May 1921). [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 95.]

  • Atardecer. Ultra 1.14 (20 June 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 96.]

  •  Jardín amorUltra 1.14 (20 May 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 97.]

  • Fiesta.  Ultra 1.14 (20 May 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 98.]

  • Arrabal. Cosmópolis 32 (August 1921), p. 622. [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 99; modified versions in Fervor de Buenos Aires and subsequent editions of poetry.]

  •  Crítica del paisaje. Cosmópolis 32 (August 1921), pp. 195-97. [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 100-01.]

  •  Buenos AiresCosmópolis 34 (October 1921), pp. 197-99. [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 102-04.]

  •  Horizontes. Die Aktions-Lyrik (1914-1916), BerlínUltra 1.16 (20 October 1921). [Review essay, including translations of poems by J. T. Keller, Wilhelm Klemm, Oscar Kanchl, Walter Ferl and Hermann Plagge, included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 105-07.]

  •  Ultraísmo. El Diario Español (23 October 1921), p. 4. [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 108-10.]

  •  Casa Elena (Hacia una Estética del Lupanar en España)Ultra 1.17 (30 October 1921). [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 112-13.]

  •  Apuntaciones críticas: La metáforaCosmópolis 35 (November 1921), pp. 395-402. [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 114-20.]

  •  Guardia roja. Tableros (15 November 1921), p. 11. [Revised version of poem published in Ultra 1.5 in March 1921. Both are included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 91 and 121.]

  • Proclama. Prisma 1 (November-December 1921) and in Ultra 2.21 (1 January 1922). With Guillermo de Torre, Eduardo González Lanuza and Guillermo Juan [Borges]. [Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 122-24.]

  • AldeaPrisma 1 (November-December 1921) and in Ultra 2.21 (1 January 1922). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 125.]

  •  Ultraísmo. Nosotros 15.39, #151 (December 1921), pp. 466-471. [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 126-31.]

  • La lírica argentina actual. Cosmópolis 36 (December 1921), pp. 641-51. [Essay included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, pp. 132-41.]

  • Catedral. Ultra 1.19 (1 December 1921), p. 3. [Revised version of poem published in Baleares in February 1921. Included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 142.]

  • Último rojo solUltra 1.20 (15 December 1921), p. 3. [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 143.]

  •  MontañaTableros 1.2 (15December 1921). [Poem included in Textos recobrados 1919-1929, p. 144.]